4 生成 XML 文档

Wu Jun 2018-12-18 21:53:12
05 Java > 00 Java 基础 > 10 XML

1 不带命名空间的文档

创建空文档

Document doc = builder.newDocument();

构建元素

Element rootElement = doc.createElement(rootName);
Element childElement = doc.createElement(childName);

构建文本节点

Text textNode = doc.createTextNode(textContents);

设置元素属性

rootElement.setAttribute(name, value);

添加给文档

doc.appendChild(rootElement);
rootElement.appendChild(childElement);
childElement.appendChild(textNode);

2 带命名空间的文档

创建命名空间感知的生成器

DocumentBuilderFactory factory = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
factory.setNamespaceAware(true);
builder = factory.newDocumentBuilder();

使用 createElementNS 创建节点

String namespace = "";
Element rootElement = doc.createElementNS(namespace,"svg:svg");
//结果:<svg:svg xmlns:svg="">

设置元素属性

rootElement.setAttributeNS(namespace, qualifiedName, value);

3 DOM树写出文档

3.1 XSLT API

DOM 树写出到输出流,最容易的方式是使用 XSLT API。

Transformer t = TransformerFactory.newInstance().newTransformer();
//将DOCTYPE节点纳入输出
t.setOutputProperty(OutPutKeys.DOCTYPE_SYSTEM, systemIdentifier);
t.setOutputProperty(OutPutKeys.DOCTYPE_PUBLIC, publicIdentifier);
//设置缩进
t.setOutputProperty(OutPutKeys.INDENT, "YES");
t.setOutputProperty(OutPutKeys.METHOD, "xml");
t.setOutputProperty("{http://xml.apache.org/xslt}indent-amount", "2");
//转换到文档
t.transform(new DOMSorce(doc),new StreamResult(new FileOutputStream(file)));

3.2 LSSerializer 接口

DOMImplementation impl = doc.getImplementation();
DOMImplementationLS implLS = (DOMImplementationLS)impl.getFeature("LS","3.0");
lssERIALIZER SER = implLS.createLSSerializer();
//设置空格和换行
ser.getDomConfig().setParameter("format-pretty-print", true);
//转为字符串
String str = ser.writeToString(doc);

写入文件

LSOutput out = implLS.createLSOutput();
out.serEncoding("UTF-8");
out.setByteStream(Files.newOutputStream(path));
ser.write(doc, out);

4 StAX 写出 XML 文档

XMLOutputFactory factory = XMLOutputFactory.newInstance();
XMLStreamWriter writer = factory.createXMLStreamWriter(out);
//产生XML文件头
writer.writerStartDocument();
//添加属性
writer.writeAttribute(name, value);
//新子节点
writer.writeStartElemrnt()
//写出字符
writer.writeCharacters(text);
//关闭子节点
writer.writerEndElement();
//写出没有子节点的元素
writer.writerEmptyElement(name);
//文档结尾
writer.writerEndDocument();